Wednesday, 21 September 2011
"He, who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah." [Qur’an 4:80]
The Companions of the Prophet Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam used to take the ruling on different matters in their lives from the Qur’an, which they use to learn from the messenger of Allah Muhammad (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam). In many instances, the ayah (verses) of the Qur’an treat a subject in a general manner without a specific condition. Sometimes the ayah will come as an absolute ruling without any precondition or limitation required by time, place, etc. As an example of what came in a general way in the Qur’an is the Salah. The Qur’an does not mention how many Rakah’s (units of prayer) we should make, or how to physically move during prayer, or the time for prayer. Similarly, the Qur’an does not mention the minimum amount of money to have before giving Zakat (charity) or the conditions by which to pay it. Many of our `Ibadah cannot be performed without stopping at the explanations related to the regulations, pillars, and conditions of nullification. It is thus a must to return to Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam to know the rules in a comprehensive and clear manner.
Many times, the Companions faced incidents in which the Qur’an which had no ruling, and there was a need to return to the Prophet Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam to know the ruling of such matters. It was the Prophet who was ordered by Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) to teach humanity, and it is the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam who is the most knowledgeable of mankind about that which Allah subhanahu wata`aalaa expects from us.
Allah (Subhanahu wata`aalaa) has told us about the duty of Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) with respect to the Qur’an, where Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) said:
"And We have sent down unto thee (also) the Message; that thou mayest explain clearly to men what is sent for them, and that they may give thought." [Qur’an 16:44]
Allah also made it clear to us that the duty of Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) is to clarify the truth to people when there is a dispute:
"And We sent down the Book to thee for the express purpose, that thou should make clear to them those things in which they differ, and that it should be a guide and a mercy to those who believe." [Qur’an 16:64]
We are obligated to follow any ruling by Rasulullah Muhammad (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) in any dispute:
"But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction." [Qur’an 4:65]
Allah also mentioned that Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) was given the Qur’an and Wisdom to teach people the regulations of their religion:
"Allah did confer a great favour on the believers when He sent among them an apostle from among themselves, rehearsing unto them the Signs of Allah, sanctifying them, and instructing them in Scripture and Wisdom, while, before that, they had been in manifest error." [Qur’an 3:164]
Regarding the last ayah, most scholars and those of great knowledge said that the wisdom mentioned in the ayah means another thing besides the Qur’an. It is what Allah subhanahu wata`aalaa has given Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) from the knowledge of matters and regulations that the rest of humanity can not attain. Imam Ash-Shafi Rahmatullahi has said that "Allah subhanahu wata`aalaa has mentioned the scripture which is the Qur’an, and he mentioned wisdom and I have learned from the people of knowledge that the wisdom here is the Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam). It is from the mercy of Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) that He has sent to us a way to practice what is in the Qur’an."
Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) did not stop by saying scripture only, but the inclusion of the Sunnah with the Qur’an is an indication of its important and the obligation on us to follow it as we have to follow the Qur’an. Imam Ash-Shafi goes on saying that the letter 'wa' ('and' between Scripture and Wisdom in the ayah) is a letter of conjunctions in Arabic which requires that the two parts it joins must be different otherwise the sentence will be redundant, and Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) is far away from that; Na`oodhubillaah. And so when Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) said that he has conferred a great favor on the believers; He does not confer anything that is not correct and truthful. Therefore, this wisdom must be followed as the Qur'an, and Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) has never ordered us to follow anything but Him and His messenger Muhammad (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam). Which must mean that this wisdom is what came from Rasulullah (Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam) in the form of rules and sayings regarding legislation.
To clarify the Concept of Sunnah and our obligation to follow it, Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) said: "Those who follow the apostle, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures),- in the law and the Gospel;- for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him, - it is they who will prosper." [Qur’an 7:157]
Because this teaching is mentioned in general in this ayah, then it must include the rules in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
A very strong indicator of the obligation upon us to follow the Sunnah can be found in this ayah: "...And whatsoever the Messenger Muhammad Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is severe in punishment." [Qur’an 59:7]
Allah has also made the obedience of Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam in conjunction with the obedience to Him:
"And obey Allah and the Messenger, that ye may obtain mercy." [Qur’an 3:132]
We are asked by Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) to answer any order by Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam:
"O ye who believe! Give your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calleth you to that which will give you life." [Qur’an 8:24]
Allah made the obedience of Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam obedience to Him, and following Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam an indication of the love of Allah subhanahu wata`aalaa:
"He, who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah." [Qur’an 4:80]
"Say: If ye do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you sins." [Qur’an 3:31]
And Allah subhanahu wata`aalaa warned us from not following the instructions of Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam:
"Then let those beware who withstand the Messenger’s order, lest some trial befall them, or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them." [Qur’an 24:63]
Not only that, but Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) told us that disobeying Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam is Kufr (disbelief): "Say: Obey Allah and His Messenger.: But if they turn back, Allah loveth not those who reject Faith." [Qur’an 3:32]
It was never allowed by Allah (subhanahu wata`aalaa) that a believer disobeys Rasulullah (sallallaahu Alaihi wasallam) order:
"It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any option about their decision: if any one disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed on a clearly wrong Path." [Qur’an 33:36]
To show that not following the ruling of Rasulullah Sallallahu.Alaihi.Wasallam when a dispute occurs is a sign of hypocrisy, Allah (Subhana hu wata`aalaa) says:
"They say, we believe in Allah and in the apostle, and we obey; but even after that, some of them turn away; they are not (really) Believers. When they are summoned to Allah and His apostle, in order that He may judge between them, behold some of them decline (to come)....The answer of the Believers, when summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that He may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, "We hear and we obey"; it is such as these that will attain felicity." [Qur’an 24:47-51]
If a trustworthy person told one of us something about a matter which concerns him, he would believe him
And start basing his actions on this piece of information.
The more trustworthy this person is, the more we would believe him and not doubt the information that he provides.
O Muslims! If we know this, then what should be our position towards the words of our Muhammad Rasulullah sallallaahu alaihi wasallam?
The truthful and trustworthy: Whose people never experienced a lie from him even before receiving the Message?
How can we doubt the one whom Allah described in His saying which means,
“By the star when it descends, your companion (i.e. Muhammad) has not strayed, nor has he erred,
Nor does he speak from (his own) inclination. It is but a revelation revealed.” (An-Najm: 1-4).
If we know that the Prophet Muhammad Rasulullah sallallaahu alaihi wasallam said:,
“By The One in Whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, no one from the Jews or Christians hears about me,
Then dies while not believing in what I was sent with, but he will be of the people of Hell” (Muslim).
May Allah Subhanahu WA Ta’aala (GOD) make our efforts sincere and keep us all on the straight path...........
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