Saturday, 21 January 2012
Want to be a Muslim.
I Seek refuge in Allah Subhanahu WA Ta’aala (GOD), from the Shaitan.
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
Islam has two primary sources, the Quran, and the authentic Traditions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam), that explain and sometimes expand on that of the Quran.
Bismillah Al-Hamdu lillah WA salatu WA Salamu 'ala Rasulullah
The truth centers around and is based upon the Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam)
And that which he was upon as well as that which the companions (radiyallaahu 'anhuma) were upon and not other than them.
Want to be a Muslim.
To be initiated as a new Muslim.
One has to take Shahadah.
The Shahadah is a special sentence:
La illaha Illallaah WA Muhammadan Rasulullah
(There is no (other) Lord except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
This phrase must be pronounced aloud in front of witnesses in order for someone to be initiated as a new Muslim.
This declaration of faith is called the 'Shahadah', a simple formula that all the faithful pronounce.
The significance of this declaration is the belief that the only purpose of life is to serve and obey Allah,
And this is achieved through the teachings and practices of the Beloved Prophet,
Sayidina Muhammad Mustafa (Salla Allahu Ta’aala alayhi WA Sallam)
La Ilaha Ill Allah Muhammadur Rasool Allah (There is no god only Allah, Muhammad is the Rasul (Messenger) of Allah) is also known as Kalimah Tayyab.
Kalimah Tayyab is the testifications of faith in Islam. A person cannot be considered to be a Muslim if he/she does not believe in the words of this Kalimah.
To become a Muslim, a person must say this Kalimah with total belief. Another point about this Kalimah is the name given to it, which is Tayyab. Tayyab means Purity.
By uttering this Kalimah a person is purified from disbelief. An impure person becomes pure. This purification is spiritual.
The Messenger of Allah added, "There will come out of Hell (Fire) everyone who says: 'La ilaha ill Allah,' and has in his heart good equal to the weight of a barley grain.
Then there will come out of Hell (Fire) everyone who says: ' La ilaha ill Allah,' and has in his heart good equal to the weight of a wheat grain.
Then there will come out of Hell (Fire) everyone who says: 'La ilaha ill Allah,' and has in his heart good equal to the weight of an atom (or a smallest ant).
“When the death of Abu Talib approached, the Most Beloved Messenger of Allah came to him and said;
"Say: La ilaha ill Allah: a word with which I will be able to defend you before Allah." [Sahih Bukhari]
Now you have taken the Shahadah: What now?
Salah -Fard or obligatory prayers
Salah is to pray five times a day.
HOW MANY RAK'AS CONSTITUTE EACH SALAT?
The following is required in the Fard or obligatory Salat.
Salat of Subbuh (Morning Prayer)
Salat of Zuhr (noon prayer)
Salat of Asr (afternoon prayer)
Salat of Maghrib (after sunset prayer)
Salat of Isha' (late evening prayer)
Make Wudu before every prayer.
First thing you have to learn is how to pray and before you pray you
Need to learn about ghusl/ Wudu.
Before you learn how to make Wudu you should know to perform Istanja,
So what is Istanja?
WHAT IS MEANT BY "ISTANJA"?
Istanja is an Islamic term for getting rid of uncleanness.
It is a method of cleaning one's self with water after using the toilet.
We (Muslims) use water to clean ourselves after urination or after using a wiping device in the case of defecation.
WHICH HAND SHOULD BE USED FOR ISTANJA?
The left hand should be used for all acts of wiping in rinsing during istanja.
It is a sin to use the right (which has to do with eating and taking meals, shaking hands.
In Islam know, that for every good thing the right hand is used, and everything else the left if used.
If you have not performed Istanja after using the toilet before making Wudu, your Wudu is not valid,
And so your Salat will be invalid. It is also a sin
And there is punishment from Allah subhanahu WA Ta’aala for neglecting it as is related in this Sahih hadith (may Allah subhanahu WA Ta’aala protect us from such things, amen):
But who would want to keep on using toilet paper now that they have learnt the benefit of performing istanja with water? He! He! He!
Wudu by itself is always a recommendable act in Islamic rituals, but it becomes obligatory in certain circumstances.
One of such circumstances is the daily ritual prayers;
And therefore it is important for every Muslim, to know the method of Wudu and its rules.
The Qur'an says:-
O you who believe!
When you stand up for ritual prayer (Salat)
Wash your face and your hands up to the elbows,
And wipe a part of your head and your feet up to ankles.
How to make Wudu:
Use the toilet: before making Wudu if one needs to use the toilet,
They should since the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said:
"No prayer can be rightly said... when he [the worshipper] is prompted by the call of nature." (Sahih Muslim,)
If you have used the toilet you need to make Istanja.
And wash your hands before making Wudu (After using the toilet is recommended
And making istanja afterwards is obligatory or Salat is not valid).
Remove anything from your body that might invalidate your Wudu:
Before making Wudu, I.e. if one is wearing nail polish or fake nails, they must be removed,
Because the water will not touch the hand in its entirety so the Wudu will be incomplete and any following Salat will be invalid.
Making Wudu before applying nail polish only means that your Wudu is good until it is broken.
With your left hand, wash your right hand from fingertips to wrist (3 times).
With your right hand, wash your left hand from fingertips to wrist (3 times).
With your right hand, take water and rinse out your mouth (3 times).
With your left hand, take water and rinse out your nose (3 times).
With both hands, wash your face from ear to ear, chin to forehead (3 times).
With your left hand, wash your right hand from your fingertips to your elbow (3 times).
With your right hand, wash your left hand from your fingertips to your elbow (3 times).
Then do "Masah" which is: Move the palm of the wet hand over the head, starting from the top of the forehead to the back and pass both hands over the back of the head to the neck. Then, rub wet fingers into the grooves of both ears and holes and also pass the wet thumbs behind the ears. Pass the backs of the wet hand over the back of the neck.
Then, wash your right foot (3 times).
Then, wash your left foot (3 times).
The prayer is not accepted without a state of purity
How to Perform: Ghusl.
It is recommended according to all four Imams of Fiqh to perform Ghusl before entering Madina.
3. Make the intention for Ghusl, “I am intending to purify myself”.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, “Every action is based on Intention, and everyone shall have what he intended”. [Bukhari]
Note: Intention doesn’t need to be uttered verbally or loudly, it is an action of the heart.
4. Wash your hands up to the wrists.
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiyallaahu ‘anha): Whenever the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) took a bath after Janaba he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body. [Bukhari]
5. Wash all the impurities from your private parts.
Maimuna (radiyallaahu ‘anha): related that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) washed his private parts while having a bath. [Bukhari]
6. Wudu should now be performed. (See Wudu)
Narrated Maimuna (radiyallaahu ‘anha): (the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle performed ablution like that for the prayer but did not wash his feet. He washed off the discharge from his private parts and then poured water over his body. He withdrew his feet from that place (the place where he took the bath) and then washed them. And that was his way of taking the bath of Janaba. [Bukhari]
Note: If the surface where the person is standing is clean then feet can be washed at the same time.
7. You should now rub water through your hair three times, letting the water penetrate down to the roots of the hair.
Note: It is obligatory for women to have the water reach the roots of the hair according to all four Imams of Fiqh either by untying the plaits of the hair or loosening them (if the water reaches the roots).
8. You should now pour water over the head and the rest of the body three times starting from the right side.
Narrated ‘Aisha (radiyallaahu ‘anha): Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body. [Bukhari]
9. No area of the body (even equal to a hair) should be left dry during Ghusl.
Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib (radiyallaahu ‘anhu): The Apostle of Allah said: If anyone who is sexual defiled leaves a spot equal to the breadth of a hair without washing, such and such an amount of Hell-fire will have to be suffered for it. Ali said: On that account I treated my head (hair) as an enemy, meaning I cut my hair. He used to cut the hair (of his head). May Allah be pleased with him? [Abu Dawud]
10. It is not necessary to do Wudu after Ghusl.
Narrated Aisha, Ummal Muminin (radiyallaahu ‘anha): The Apostle of Allah took a bath and offered two rak’ah of prayer and said the dawn prayer.
I do not think he performed ablution afresh after taking a bath... [Abu Dawud]
Compulsory actions of Ghusl (Faraaidh):
1. To gargle the mouth
2. To clean the nostrils up to the soft part of the nose
3. To pour water over the entire body
Sunnah actions of Ghusl:
1. Make the intention for Ghusl, “I am performing Ghusl for Allah (SWT)”
2. Recite at the beginning of making Wudu
"I begin in the name of Allah, who is the Most Merciful, Most Gracious".
It is stated in the hadith that one should begin Wudu with Allah's name.
No words have been specified and our elders read the above.
It is recorded in some hadith that Wudu is valid although no "Bismillah" is recited.
3. To wash hands up to the wrists
4. To wash off all the impurities
5. To wash the private parts even if there are no impurities on them
6. Thereafter to perform Wudu
7. Thereafter to let water flow on the entire body three times
8. When pouring water, start from the head, then the right and then the left side
9. To rub the body
10. Not to allow washed parts to get dry before making Ghusl
WHAT NULIFIES YOUR WUDHU
1. Passing wind from the anus
--wind passed from vagina does not break your Wudu
“There is no Wudu except from a sound or a smell." (Sahih - Ul-Jarnee)
2. Urination (old people with weak bladders may join their Salah)
4. Vomiting more than a mouthful
5. To sleep lying down
. To give birth to a baby, breaks your Wudu
. To take intoxicants
--when you take intoxicants you have no Salah for 40 days and 40 nights
--but you still have to pray
. To fall down unconscious (including epileptic seizures)
. To touch your own private parts lustfully
"Whoever touches his sexual organ cannot pray until he performs ablution." (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
"Whoever touches his sexual organ cannot pray until he performs ablution." (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
. To touch a member of the opposite sex lustfully
Abdullah ibn Umar reports that the Prophet said, "Whosoever drinks wine,
Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days. If he seeks repentance Allah will forgive him.
And if he repeats it Allah will not accept his prayer for 40 days.
Nabi (SAW) said, "If anyone drinks alcohol Allah will not accept his Salah for 40 days" (Tirmidhi and Nasa’i).
--when person returns to Islam, he must make ghusl
GHUSL = RITUAL BATH
If you are in a state of Janabah (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). (Al-Maidah 5:6)
2 TYPES OF GHUSL in Islam
2. Mustab (Mustab = strongly recommended)
1. it’s compulsory after sexual intercourse (even if you did not orgasm)
Allah's Messenger (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) said that,
"If one of you sits between her legs (of a woman) and penetrates her, Ghusl (bath) is obligatory." (Bukhari and Muslim) "Even if he does not ejaculate." (Muslim)
When a man sits in between the four parts of a woman and enters into her (for intercourse), the ghusl becomes obligatory. Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim
--a man fasting in Ramadan can begin his fast before making ghusl after intercourse or a wet dream
2. Ghusl becomes compulsory when man realizes sperm is discharging
Abu Sa'eed reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi WA sallam) say,
"Water (washing) is (needed) after (ejaculation of) sperm." (Related by Muslim)
3. it’s compulsory on women when their menstruation stops
The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi WA sallam) said to Fatima bint Abu Habish,
"Do not pray during your period. After it has ended, perform ghusl and pray." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)
--it’s haram on a man to have sex with his wife after menstruating until she has made ghusl
And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah has ordained
For you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in their vagina) (Al-Baqarah 2:222)
4. Wet dream - male or female
Umm Sulaym, the wife of Abu Talha said,
"O Allah's Messenger! Allah is not ashamed of the truth.
Is a Ghusl (bath) compulsory for a woman when she has a sexual dream?
“He (Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) replied,
"Yes! When she sees signs of liquid discharge" (Bukhari and Muslim)
Umm Salama asked, "Does this happen (to a woman)?"
He (Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him)) said,
"Yes otherwise where does the resemblance (of a child to its mother) come from?" (Muslim)
In Islam, there are 2 types of discharge: major and minor
MAJOR: wet dream (make ghusl)
MINOR: getting excited:
"No ghusl on her, unless she has a discharge, similarly there is not ghusl on the man unless he ejaculates." (Related by Ahmad and Al-Nasa’i)
--whether a wet dream is experienced by a male or female, ghusl is required
--however if a woman gets excited and discharges: this is a minor discharge
--because it’s minor, only Wudu is required
--if a women gets excited (because she spoke with her fiancée on the phone) and discharges:
--this is minor, therefore, only Wudu is required
Islam split the discharge into two to make it easier on women
--major discharge has a color
--minor is clear
5. When woman’s bleeding after childbirth stops, ghusl is fard
--usually bleeding stops after 40 days
--normally the woman bleeds for 40 days; some women may not bleed for 40 days
--so if the woman stops bleeding and makes ghusl and her husband goes to bed with her
--they did not do haram, because the bleeding stopped
THE MUSTAHAB OF GHUSL
1. It is recommended to make ghusl for Salat al jummah
-- Ghusl for jummah is fard
--the four great imams say it is recommended
--the opinion of the four imams is the correct opinion
-- The prophet didn’t make it fard
"Whoever makes Wudu on Friday, it is good [for him], but if ghusl is taken, it is better." (Sunan Abu Dawud vol.1, p. 93, no. 354 and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abu Dawood, vol.1, p.72, no. 341)
2. When you regain sanity
3. for the two Eid
-- On Eid days, you are supposed to wear your best clothes etc
4. Before going into Ihram on hajj or Umrah
-- The Sunnah is to make ghusl and after you put on ihram pray 2 rakah’s Sunnah
5. After washing the dead
-- After carrying the dead you should make Wudu
-- These are mustahab (recommended) not fard
6. After you take Shahadah
-- These are the 6 occasions when it is recommended to make ghusl
HOW TO PERFORM GHUSL:
ACCORDING THE SUNNAH OF THE PROPHET Salah Allahu alayhi wasallam
-- The best person to tell us this is Aisha, as they used to perform ghusl together
-- You are allowed to shower naked together with your wife/husband
Umar said, "We used to wash the dead. Some of us would perform ghusl and some would not."
-- Description of how the Rasool Salah Allahu alayhi wasallam made ghusl:
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Rasool Salah Allahu alayhi wasallam said,
“Whoever washes the dead should take a ghusl and whoever carries the corpse should make Wudu.
” Narrated by Abu Hurayrah and collected in Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.2, p.898, no.3155, Sunan Ibn-i-Majah, vol.2, pp.374-5, no.1463 and Mishkaat Al-Masabih, vol.1, p.108, and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Abu Dawood, vol.2, p.609, no.2707
--Aisha said: when the Messenger of Allah would make ghusl due to Janaba (sex or a wet dream), he would begin by washing his hands
1: he began by washing his hands
2: then he would pour water from his right side then to his left; he would wash his private parts
"When the Prophet, upon who be peace, took his bath after sexual intercourse, he would begin by washing his hands.
Then he would pour water from his right hand to his left and wash his sexual organs, make the ablution for prayer,
Take some water and put his fingers to the roots of his hair to the extent that he sees that the skin is wet,
Then pour water over his head three times and then over the rest of his body." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim)
3: then he would make Wudu like the Wudu of Salah
4: then he would wash the roots of hair
5: then he would pour water on his head three times
6: then he would wash his entire body
7: then he would wash his feet
--Now, this is the "Hanafi" ghusl (the four great imams agree that it is acceptable)
--To make niyah: the mouth, the nose and the entire body
--that is the Hanafi ghusl, no Wudu is included yet the ghusl is accepted
--a woman whose hair is plaited or braided: (it is not compulsory for her to undo her hair)
--no matter what reason she is making ghusl
Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: I said, O Messenger of Allah,
I am a woman who wears her hair in braids.
Do I have to undo my braids when I make ghusl because of Janaba?
-- plaited and braided is to have the hair done tightly
-- Some people say, if it is the ghusl of Janaba, then she doesn’t have to
-- But if it’s the ghusl of menses, she has to undo but…
-- Hanbal fiqh, say neither way: - she doesn’t have to undo her hair
SUNAN AL FITRAH
1: To trim the mustache
2: To grow the beard
3: To clip the nails, (finger nails and toe nails)
4: To shave the hair under the armpits
5: To shave the hair from your private parts (this is fard every 40 days and the anal hair, too)
6: Circumcision for males
--according to Abu Hanifa its mustahab, , Hanbal, beg to differ:
--it is fard (a man who is not circumcised is unclean)
--uncircumcised men give women cancer of the cervix and they catch AIDS easier
--FGM (female genitalia mutilation): IT IS HARAM.
Islam is the most hygienic.
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:
“Ten things are part of the fitra: Cutting the Moustache,
Letting the Beard grow,
Using Siwak (tooth-stick),
Snuffing up water into the nose,
Cutting the Nails, Washing the finger-joints,
Plucking the Armpit Hairs, Shaving the Pubes and washing the private parts after relieving oneself.
” Zakariyya said: Musab said: I have forgotten the tenth but I think it was rinsing the mouth. [Narrated: Muslim: 261].
May Allah make us from the Companions of His Book and unite us with His righteous slaves in the highest gardens of Paradise. Amen.
May Allah Subhanawataala grant us what is best in this world and the next!
Action speaks louder then words my friend’s practice Islam the way of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did.
May Allah Subhanahu WA Ta’aala (GOD) help us to do that which He loves and which pleases Him?
May Allah Subhanahu WA Ta’aala (GOD) make our efforts sincere and keep us all on the straight path...........
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P.S.: "Have fun praying don’t forget to make dua for me...