Monday, 19 July 2010

Witchcraft was directed against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

Praise be to Allaah.

Witchcraft or magic is real and that it can have an effect _ if Allaah wills and decrees it _ on the body of the one against whom it is directed, and it could even kill him.

Imaam al-Quraafi said: "Witchcraft is real and the person against whom it is directed could die, or his mood and habits could be changed… This was also the view of al-Shaafa'i and Ibn Hanbal…"
The Mu'tazilah and Qadariyyah did not agree with this… but that is of no significance. Al-Quraafi and others mentioned that the Sahaabah agreed that it (witchcraft) is real, before there emerged anybody who denied this.

Among the evidence of Ahl al-Sunnah is:

The aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

"but the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haaroot and Maaroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, "We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us)." And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allaah's Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not." [al-Baqarah 2:102]

This aayah clearly indicates what is being asked about here, which is that witchcraft is real and that the practitioner of witchcraft can cause separation between a man and his wife and that he can cause harm to people by his witchcraft _ if that is decreed by the universal will of Allaah.

The aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

"And from the evil of the witchrafts when they blow in the knots" [al-Falaq 113:4]

`the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots' refers to witches or female practitioners of witchcraft who tie knots as part of their magic and blow on them. If witchcraft were not real, Allaah would not have commanded us to seek refuge from it.

Further proof is to be seen in the fact that witchcraft was directed against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by the Jew Labeed ibn al-A'sam. This is a saheeh hadeeth which was narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim.

Further evidence is to be seen in the real-life experiences of many people, which cannot be overlooked.

Ibn al-Qayyim said: the witchcraft which causes people to be sick or to feel depressed, or which makes them love or hate, exists and is well known to all people. Many people have experienced what it can do to them." (al-Tafseer al-Qayyim, p. 571).

Ibn Qudaamah said: "It is well known among people that a man can be separated from his wife (by witchcraft) when he gets married, so that he is unable to have intercourse with her, but when the spell is lifted, then he is able to have intercourse with her. This is so commonly known that it cannot be denied. There are so many reports of witchcraft that it is inconceivable that so many people would agree on a lie."

(al-Mughni, 8/151)

There are many ways of protecting oneself against witchcraft:

The best way is to fear Allaah, obey His commands, put one's trust in Him, seek refuge with Allaah, and start each morning by eating seven dates. All of these were narrated in saheeh ahaadeeth.

There are many ways of removing the effects of witchcraft, including:

Ruqyah [prayers, supplications], the best of which is supplications from the Qur'aan, then du'aa's narrated in saheeh haadeeth.

Finding the objects used for witchcraft purposes and doing something to neutralize them.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: the Sunnah for treating this sickness _ two kinds were transmitted from him:

One of them _ which is the best _ is to locate and neutralize the object, as it was reported in a saheeh hadeeth that he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked his Lord about that, and He directed him to a well where he found a comb, some hairs that had fallen when he combed his hair ….…. When he removed these things from the well, he felt better, as if he had recovered from an illness. This is this is the best way of dealing with this problem, and is like removing something bad from the body by expelling it.

Cupping, induced vomiting and surgery.

Ibn al-Qayyim said _ continuing what he said in the words quoted above: "The second kind is by physically removing the place affected by the witchcraft, because witchcraft has an effect on human nature and the bodily humours, and can affect moods. If its effects are noted in any part if the body and it is possible to remove the bad material, this will be very beneficial." (Zaad al-Ma'aad, 4/124, 125).

Divination and magic in Islam encompass a wide range of practices, including black magic, warding off the evil eye, the production of amulets and other magical equipment, conjuring, casting lots, astrology, and physiognomy. Muslims do commonly believe in magic (Sihr) and explicitly forbid its practice. Sihr translates from Arabic as sorcery or black magic. The best known reference to magic in Islam is the Surah Al-Falaq  (meaning dawn or daybreak), which is known as a prayer to Allah to ward off black magic.

    Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of the Dawn From the mischief of created things; From the mischief of Darkness as it overspreads; From the mischief of those who practise secret arts; And from the mischief of the envious one as he practises envy. (Quran 113:1–5)

Also according to the Quran:

    And they follow that which the devils falsely related against the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils disbelieved, teaching mankind sorcery and that which was revealed to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut ... And surely they do know that he who trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell their souls, if they but knew. (al-Qur'an 2:102)

However, whereas performing miracles in Islamic thought and belief is reserved for only Messengers and Prophets; supernatural acts are also believed to be performed by Awliyaa – the spiritually accomplished. Disbelief in the miracles of the Prophets is considered an act of disbelief; belief in the miracles of any given pious individual is not. Neither are regarded as magic, but as signs of Allah at the hands of those close to Him that occur by His will and His alone.

Some Muslim practitioners believe that they may seek the help of the Jinn (singular—jinni) in magic. It is a common belief that jinn can possess a human, thus requiring Exorcism. Still, the practice of seeking help to the Jinn is prohibited and regarded the same as seeking help to a devil.

The belief in jinn is part of the Muslim faith. Imam Muslim narrated the Prophet said: "Allah created the angels from light, created the jinn from the pure flame of fire, and Adam from that which was described to you (i.e., the clay.)".

Also in the Quran, chapter of Jinn:

    And persons from among men used to seek refuge with persons from among the jinn, so they increased them in evil doing.
    —(The Holy Qur'an) (72:6)

To cast off the jinn from the body of the possessed, the "ruqya," which is from the Prophet's sunnah is used. The ruqya contains verses of the Qur'an as well as prayers which are specifically targeted against demons. The knowledge of which verses of the Qur'an to use in what way is what is considered "magic knowledge".

There is a Hadeeth recorded by Al-Bukhari which narrates that one who has eaten seven dates in the morning will not be adversely affected by magic in the course of that day.

Students of the history of religion have linked several magical practises in Islam with pre-islamic Turkish and East African customs. Most notable of these customs is the Zar Ceremony.

Is there any report which says that the jinn have angels watching over them to record their deeds?
Do the jinn have angels who record their deeds as humans have?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The jinn are accountable just as humans are; those of them who obey Allah will enter Paradise, and those who disobey Him will enter Hell. The words of the Qur’aan are addressed to them too and they will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection for their deeds, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinn, but the jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will be called to account)”

[al-Saaffaat 37:158].

Mujaahid said: They will be brought to account, as it says in Jaami‘al-Bayaan by al-Tabari (21/122). Imam al-Bukhaari (may Allah have mercy on him) included a chapter in his Saheeh entitled “Mention of the jinn and their reward and punishment”, in which he quoted some verses, including this verse, and he quoted the tafseer of Mujaahid (may Allah have mercy on him).

Al-‘Allaamah al-Sa‘di (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

i.e., these mushrikeen claimed there was a relationship between Allah and the jinn, as the claim that the angels were the daughters of Allah and that their mothers were the daughters of the masters among the jinn. But in fact, the jinn know that they will be brought to account before Allah, to be rewarded or punished, and if there were any relationship between them and Him, that would not be the case. End quote.

Tafseer al-Kareem al-Rahmaan, p. 708

The evidence for this has been discussed in detail in the answer to question number 2340 and 13378.


As for how the deeds of the jinn are recorded and whether their situation in this regard is like that of humans, for each of whom Allah has appointed two angels to record his deeds and watch over his actions, that is a matter of the unseen which Allah has not told us about. The verses and hadeeths that speak of that have to do with humans, not jinn, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous?

7. Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion.

8. In whatever form He willed, He put you together.

9. Nay! But you deny Deen (i.e. the Day of Recompense).

10. But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you,

11. Kiraaman (Honourable) Kaatibeen —writing down (your deeds),

12. They know all that you do”

[al-Infitaar 82:6-12].

And He says:

“And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).

17. (Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions).

18. Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it)”

[Qaaf 50:16-18].

So knowledge of the jinn remains with the Creator alone, in addition to the fact that there is little benefit in pursuing knowledge of such matters that have nothing to do with belief and on which no actions are based.

And Allah knows best.

 "Have fun praying and getting ready for the Day of Judgment coz that day will NOT be fun :) P.S.: don’t forget to make dua  for me.

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