Thursday, 17 June 2010

The Sahaaba in the light of the Aayaats from the Qur’aan

As-Saabiqun al-Awwalun are the first and the foremost sahaba (companions).

The Sahaaba in the light of the Aayaats from the Qur’aan
Glad tidings of Jannah and absolution
So those who emigrated and were driven out of their homes, who suffered in My cause, who fight and were slain - (will most certainly blot out from them their iniquities, and admit them into gardens beneath which rivers flow. A reward from Allah; and with Allah is the best of 'reward (Surah Aal-`Imran: 19.5)

Most of the companions of the Prophet were Youth

Ali Ibn Abi Taleb (10 years old), Talhah ibn Ubaydullah (14 years old),  Said ibn Zayd ( 15 years Old), Sad ibn Abi Waqqas  (17 years old), Umar Ibn Al Khattab (26 years old) Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf (30 years), Othman Ibn Affan (34 years old), Abu Bakr (37 years old)

The First To Accept Islam (As-Saabiqun al-Awwalun)

As-Saabiqun al-Awwalun are the first and the foremost sahaba (companions) who believed in the message of Islam brought by Prophet Muhammad, those who made the first hijra (migration) to al-Habash (Abyssinia, now Ethiopia), those among the Ansar (Helpers from Madina) who pledged their loyalty to Prophet Muhammad at 'Aqaba, the first and the second time, and those who migrated to Madina prior to Prophet Muhammad, may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him.

As-Saabiqul al-Awwalun are mentioned in the Holy Qur'an in verse (9:100)

Some of the well-known companions who were the first to accept Islam and follow Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, are:
1. Sayyidatina Khadija bint Khuwaylid

2. Sayyidina 'Ali ibn Abi Talib

3. Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq

4. Sayyidina Zayd ibn Harithah

5. Sayyidina 'Uthman ibn 'Affan

6. Sayyidina Zubayr ibn al-'Awwaam

7. Sayyidina 'AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf

8. Sayyidina Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas

9. Sayyidina Talha ibn 'Ubaydillah

10. Sayyidina Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah

11. Sayyidina Sa'id ibn Zayd

12. Sayyidatina Fatima bint al-Khattab
(she was the wife of Sayyidina Sa'id ibn Zayd mentioned above and the sister of Sayyidina 'Umar al-Faruq)

13. Sayyidina al-Arqam ibn Abu'l Arqam

14. Sayyidina 'Uthman ibn Maz'un

15. Sayyidatina Khawlah, the wife of Sayyidina 'Uthman ibn Maz'un

16. Sayyidina Bilal ibn Rabah

17. Sayyidina Abu Dharr al-Ghifari

18. Sayyidina 'Amir ibn Fuhayrah

19. Sayyidina 'Ammar ibn Yasir

20. Sayyidatina Sumayya bint Khubbat, mother of Sayyidina 'Ammar ibn Yasir

21. Sayyidina Suhayb ibn Sinan ar-Rumi

22. Sayyidina Miqdad ibn 'Amr (also known as Sayyidina Miqdad al-Aswad)

23. Sayyidina Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr

24. Sayyidina Ja'far ibn Abi Talib

25. Sayyidatina Asma' bint 'Umays ibn an-Nu'man
(wife of Sayyidina Ja'far ibn Abi Talib mentioned above)

26. Sayyidatina Umm al-Fadl, Lubaba bint al-Harith
(the aunt of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and the wife of his uncle Sayyidina 'Abbas ibn 'Abdul Muttalib)

27. Sayyidatina Safiyya
(the aunt of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and the mother of Sayyidina Zubayr ibn al-'Awwaam)

28. Sayyidatina Umm Ruman, wife of Sayyidina Abu Bakr as-Siddiq

29. Sayyidatina Asma' bint Abu Bakr as-Siddiq

30. Sayyidatina Umm Ayman, who married Sayyidina Zayd ibn Harithah

31. Sayyidina Khabbab ibn al-Aratt

32. Sayyidina 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud

33. Sayyidina 'Abdullah ibn Jahsh ibn Ri'ab

34. Sayyidina Abu Hudhayfa ibn 'Utba

35. Sayyidina Hamza ibn 'Abdul Muttalib

36. Sayyidina 'Umar ibn al-Khattab,
may Allah be pleased with them all.
Appreciative Explanation

1. The above list is partial rather than comprehensive. It includes the names of only the more well-known companions of the beloved Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, who were the first to accept Islam.

2. An attempt has been made to sequence these in the order in which they accepted Islam, based on Hadith sources though no such sequence can claim complete accuracy.

3. Only 40 men and 11 women had accepted Islam in the first six years of the mission of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. However, by the time of his Farewell Pilgrimage at the end of his full 23 years of mission, 124,000 companions had accepted Islam.

Sumayyah Bint Khubbat The First Female Martyr
Three brothers set out from Yemen to go to Mekkah. They heard about this city and wanted to experience its culture and to partake of it various social activities. One was named Yasir and the other two were named Harith and Malik. The later two left to return home to Yemen after some time, but Yasir liked living there so much that he decided to stay on permanently. According to the custom of the time he got the sponsorship and support of Abu Huthaifah bin Abdullah Makhzoomi, and became his companion and partner. As they go to know each other better, they took a liking to each other. Abu huthaifah had a very intelligent and sensible slave girl in his house, Sumaayyah. In due course of time she got married to Yasir.

It was a happy marriage and soon they had a son whom they names ‘Ammar. Abu Huthaifah was very kind, loving and generous man, and he liberated the family from bondage, but he continued to keep good terms with them and very often helped them with cash as well. Yasir had two more sons, whom he named Abdullah and Hareeth. The latter was murdered before the advent of islam, and with this tragedy it seemed ill fortune started to haunt the family.

Sumayyah bint Khabat (RA) was one of the first seven people to be enlightened by Islam and swear allegiance to the Prophet (SAW). She is among the foremost of the greatest women companion. Islam is unique in the sense that a persons value does not depend on colour, race, language sex or nationality. The norms are purity of heart and goodwill towards all. As Allah says “Verily the most honourable of you with allah is that (believer) who is most pious”. (Qur'an 49:13)

Thus a person who wishes for his fellow human beings what he wishes for himself, who is kind to his fellow human beings for the sake of Allah (SWT), is the one who fulfils the conditions of the test set by Him.

The seven people who first accepted islam were the following:

Abu Bakkar Siddique, Ali bin Talib, Khadijah, Zaid bin Harith, Sumayyah bint Khabat, ‘Ammar bin Yasir, Bilal bin Abi Rabiah ( not set in order).

The Quraish of Mekkah could not harm the Prophet (SAW) because of the power and position of his uncle Abu Talib. Abu Bakkar Siddique was also a very powerful man because of the wealth of his tribe and his own personal influence. But the common muslim whether man or woman was not spared any imaginable torture or torment.

Sumayyah bint Khabat (RA), her husband and her son ‘Ammar were very often the targets for the cruelty of the Quraish. On one occasion as the Prophet (SAW) was passing by the market place he saw all three members of the family being put through the worst form of torture possible. But the Prophet (SAW) was so helpless that there was no way he could rescue them. He could only console them and said, “Be patient O family of Yasir! For your final destination is Paradise”

Uthman (RA) also narrated that the Prophet (SAW) used to say these words to comfort the family. Once ‘Ammer managed to escape and reach the Prophet (SAW). He then asked when this persecution of the innocent muslims would end, and when they would be able to breathe peacefully. He said things were going beyond all limits. The Prophet (SAW) then comforted him with a prayer to Allah (SWT) to protect and save the family of Yasir from the hell fire.

Abu Jahl gave Sumayyah bint Khubbat the worst kind of punishment, but she did not waver even for a second and remained as steady as a rock. He tried to pressure, cajole with and threaten her to recant, but she bluntly refused. He could not accept the fact that she could resist him so stubbornly and in out of rage he thrust his spear into her. This proved to be a fatal blow, and she died. Thus Sumayyah bint Khubbat had the distinction of being the first woman martyr of Islam. This incdent took place seven years before the Hijrah. Then her husband also fell victim to the torture of the Quraish and he also died. After the martyrdom of both the parents, ‘Ammar took a special place in the affections of the Prophet (SAW). He used to address him lovingle as ibn Sumayyah. The Prophet (SAW) often spoke of the family of Yasir in the highest terms of praise.

Abdullah bin Mas’ood (RA) says the Prophet (SAW) once said that when dissensions and disputes appeared among the people Ibn Sumayyah would always stand by the right and just.

This family sacrificed their lives, all in order to nourish the truth and also to earn rewards for the hereafter. It is about people like these that Allah says:

“Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that theirs shall be the paradise. They fight in Allahs cause so they kill (others) and are killed. It is promise in truth which is binding on him in the Taurat and the Injeel and the Qur'an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain that you have concluded. Hat is the supreme success” (Qur'an 9:111).

Have fun praying and getting ready for the Day of Judgment coz that day will NOT be fun :) P.S.: don’t forget to make dua  for me.

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